Ship Lay-up Guide

Number of Pages:
Book Height:
303 mm
Book Width:
216 mm
1.6 kg
Published Date:
February 2019
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This publication is a comprehensive guide to best practice when placing a ship into lay-up. It explains the concept of lay-up and risk assesses lay-up proposals. Section 5 is supported by preparation and handover checklists, making the book a handy point of reference to any ship owner/manager considering lay-up operations.

Fully illustrated and including numerous real world examples, this guide explains why a ship is placed into lay-up and the types of lay-up that exist (hot, warm, cold, and long term). It also provides the reader with information on appraisal, procedures at the lay-up site and reactivation. It contains a chapter detailing lay-up locations across the world and covers all types of ships, including cargo and passenger (cruise) ships.

This guide is intended to provide general best practice advice for ship owners/managers, on placing a ship into lay-up. It is not intended to be a lay-up plan as this should be developed by the ship owner/manager for each specific ship, taking into consideration the recommendations and requirements of all interested parties.


Where a ship is anchored or berthed alongside awaiting orders, with manning levels in compliance with the safe manning document and with all engines and machinery available for use, it is not regarded as being laid up and the ship’s status with Class, P&I or hull and machinery insurance is unchanged.

Section 1 Introduction

1.1 Why Ships are Placed into Lay-up

1.2 Overview of the Types of Lay-up

1.3 Examples of Damage Incurred on Ships that have been Incorrectly Laid Up

Section 2 Lay-up Appraisal

2.1 Initial Appraisal of a Lay-up Site

2.2 Established Lay-up Locations

2.3 Environmental Protection at the Lay-up Site

2.4 Lay-up Service Provider Appraisal

2.5 Lay-up Options

2.6 Risk Management of a Proposed Lay-up

2.7 Assignment of Lay-up Costs

2.8 Special Considerations

2.9 Summary of Lay-up Conditions

2.10 Notifications to be Made Before Placing a Ship in Lay-up

Section 3 Planning and Arrangements for the Lay-up

3.1 Lay-up Plan

3.2 Office Preparations for Lay-up

3.3 Preparations by the Lay-up Service Provider

3.4 Lay-up Contract

3.5 Pre-arrival Checklist for the Ship Owner/Manager

Section 4 Preparations During the Passage to the Lay-up Location

4.1 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – General

4.2 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Master

4.3 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Chief Engineer

4.4 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Chief Officer

4.5 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – 2nd Engineer

4.6 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Main Engines and Machinery

4.7 Shipboard Preparations for Entering Lay-up – Disposal Items

Section 5 Arrival at the Lay-up Site

Part A Procedure and Moorings

5.1 Lay-up Process

5.2 Additional Considerations for Speci?c Ship Types

5.3 Independent Confirmation of Critical Items

5.4 Additional Considerations for Long Term Cold Lay-up

5.5 Ships Laid Up Using Two Anchors

5.6 Magnetic Twist Monitoring

5.7 Double Banking

5.8 Double Banked Alongside

5.9 Mooring Using Ships’ Anchors and High Hold Bollards Ashore

Part B Checklists on Arrival at the Lay-up Site

5.10 Lay-up Preparation Checklist – Engine Room

5.11 Lay-up Preparation Checklist – Deck and Accommodation

Part C Document Handover Checklist

Section 6 During Lay-up

6.1 Roles and Responsibilities of Watchmen Onboard a Laid Up Ship

6.2 Provision of Portable Generators Onboard a Laid Up Ship

6.3 Provision of Additional Anodes Onboard a Laid Up Ship

6.4 Bilge Monitoring and Alarm Management

6.5 During Lay-up – Regular Daily Checks

6.6 Monitoring of Laid Up Ships using IT

6.7 Condition Status for Long Term Cold Lay-up

6.8 Periodic Maintenance during Long Term Cold Lay-up

6.9 Lay-up Record

6.10 Enclosed Spaces during Lay-up

6.11 Condensation/Dehumidification

6.12 Fuels Remaining On Board

6.13 Underwater Blanks and Plugs for Long Term Lay-up

6.14 Blanks and Plugs Fitted to Hull Penetrations Below the Waterline

6.15 Pest Control

6.16 Stern Tube Lubricating Oil Samples

6.17 Assurance Visits by Superintendents during Lay-up

Section 7 Reactivation

7.1 Summary of the Reactivation Process

7.2 Hull Insurance Reactivation Warranty

7.3 Underwater Inspections and Cleaning

7.4 Supervision and Oversight during Reactivation

7.5 The Assessment and Mitigation of Risks during Reactivation

7.6 Preparation for Departure

7.7 Reactivation Process

Section 8 Details of Lay-up Locations

8.1 Ålesund, Norway

8.2 Bergen, Norway

8.3 Haugesund (Karmsund), Norway

8.4 Stavanger, Norway

8.5 Loch Striven, Scotland, UK

8.6 Falmouth (The River Fal), Cornwall, England, UK

8.7 Eleusis (Elefsis) and Piraeus, Greece

8.8 Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

8.9 Walvis Bay, Namibia

8.10 Cape Town, South Africa

8.11 Karimun, Indonesia

8.12 Batam, Indonesia

8.13 Labuan, Malaysia

8.14 Malalag Bay, Philippines

8.15 Bunawan Bay within Davao Gulf, Philippines

8.16 Pujada Bay Mayo Bay, Philippines


Witherbys titles are developed using scripts developed by technical experts that are peer reviewed within work groups. Typically, they seek to improve understanding of the regulations, recommendations and guidelines issued by Industry.

Witherbys staff have significant expertise in the fields of navigation and hazardous cargoes as well as in the presentation of complex subjects in a graphic and easy to understand manner.


BIMCO is the world’s largest direct-membership organisation for shipowners, charterers, shipbrokers and agents. In total, around 60% of the world’s merchant fleet is a BIMCO member, measured by tonnage (weight of the unloaded ships).

The organisation has NGO status and is based in Copenhagen, Denmark, with offices in Athens, Singapore and Shanghai.

With around 1900 member companies across 120 countries – from the largest shipowners in the world to small local port agents and law firms, BIMCO represents a wide range of maritime companies and organisations.

BIMCO’s goal is to secure a level playing field for the global shipping industry. BIMCO therefore works to promote and secure global standards and regulations for the maritime sector. The organisation’s century long effort into creating standard contracts and clauses is an expression of that aim.

International Shipcare

Established in 1975, ISC is the first company in the region to provide organised ship and vessel lay-up services in the Brunei Bay. Through the years, our extensive experience and impressive track record has made us a market leader in the lay-up industry. At ISC, our commitment to our clients goes beyond just our lay-up services. We support our customers’ goals by ensuring their assets are cared for and returned to service in optimal condition following lay-up, regardless of duration.

Through our experience in the lay-up business, ISC understands the importance of preservation and maintenance when a vessel is taken out of service. To maximize the benefits for our clients, we have developed an effective formula that tailors the lay-up program to match the specific requirements of each owner and their vessel.

Number of Pages:
Binding Format:
Book Height:
303 mm
Book Width:
216 mm
1.6 kg

Witherbys and BIMCO and International Shipcare

Published Date:
February 2019
Product Catalogue:
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